Monday, February 18, 2019
Hegel and Kant on the Ontological Argument Essay -- Philosophy Philoso
Hegel and Kant on the Ontological Argument con I qualify to present Kants defensive structure of the ontological channel as confronted by Hegels unfavorable judgment of Kants refutation. The ontological argument support be loose in a syllogistic way everything I conceive as belonging intelligibly and distinctly to the nature or essence of something can be asserted as admittedly of something. I perceive clearly and distinctly that worldly concern belongs to the nature or essence of a utter(a) be in that locationfore, existence can be stated as true of a supremely perfect being, that is, perfect being exists. I intend to argue that Kant criticizes both the major and minor premises. To the major premise, he object glasss that there is an unqualified passage from the logical to the ontological level. To the minor premise, he objects that existence is not a concept predicate. Finally, I will show how Hegel criticizes Kants refutation. To the former, Kants critique is nave as he could prove that existence is not subjective to a finite beings concept, which is not the concept of God. I. The Ontological ArgumentKants refutation of the ontological argument-which states that from the concept of a being containing every perfection it is realizable to infer its existence-is well known In whatever manner the arrest may have arrived at a concept, the existence of its object is never, by any process of analysis, discoverable within it for the knowledge of the existence of the object consists precisely in the fact that the object is posited in itself, beyond the (mere) pattern of it (KrV,B667, trans. Kemp Smith)Existence being neither a predicate nor a perfection, it cannot be inferred from the concept of the most perfect being beyond its concept. Kants critic... ...e.Notes(1) The ontological argument was first stated by Anselm in the Proslogium, Anselm defines God as a being related to whom nothing superior can be conceived. He inquires on the possible exist ence of such a being in ours mind only, that is , as an object of thought. The answer is negative, for such a being would be one related to whom a superior could be conceived. The ontological argument presented by Descartes in the fifth Meditation is essentially a modern version of Anselms argument.(2) G. Dicker, Descartes an analytical and historical introduction, Oxford, Oxford University Press.(3) Strawson, The bounds of Sense, London, Routledge, 1966, p. 225.(4) Cf.Hegel, Enzyklopdie der philosophichen Wissenschaften, SuhrKamp, ed. Moldenhauer Michel, , & 51 (5) Cf.Hegel, Vorlesungen ber die Philosophie der Religion, ed. Jaeschke, III, p.324.