When the nations of Europe got together to form a common trade in the late 1950s, agriculture was important to their economies, and even to a greater extent important to their cultures and societies. They therefore decided that they needed a greenness Agricultural Policy ( hoodlum). Created in 1962 under Article 39 of the Treaty of capital of Italy, the CAP was the birth of what was called Green Europe. It has been at the centre of debate during its history. It was reformed several times and with difficulty. The occasion of the creation of the CAP was both economic and political. It was basically to gain ground farmers to produce more food after the World contend II (WWII) shortages, to stabilise the European Union (EU) agriculture market, batten down EU farmers a market for their produce and guarantee take aim of comfort for agricultural community. Reasonable price for customers was also an objective. In the 1970s and 1980s, the CAP became extremely expensive due to overproduction of agricultural products that were subsidized.
First, I will talk about the major features of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) as it shortly operates and wherefore I will speak about the problems posed for the CAP by the next enlargement.
I The major features of the CAP as it currently operates.
The CAP is one of the longest established elements of common polity in Europe.
Its overall aims were enshrined in the original Treaty of Rome and included protection of farm incomes, market stabilisation and ensuring certification of supplies to consumers. These aims were pursued through a mix of mechanisms applied to the champion commodities of the Communitys producers, notably dairy products, beef and arable crops. The CAP has genuine a range of structural support policies over the past 30 years, religious offering farmers help to restructure and modernise their enterprises. (Grant.W, 1997).
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