Friday, December 14, 2018

'Britain Between the Wars Essay\r'

'The armistice came into effect at 11.00am on 11th November 1918 and in effect brought the fighting on the Western Front to a close. In more than four long age of contend Britain and the Empire had lost more than 750,000 dead in France and Flanders, with many times that wounded and sick. The political and affectionate life were ruined not only by the war, but also by the severe crises and by the dividing of the society into classes. The 1920’s and 1930’s were unhappy decades for almost of the people in Britain.\r\nThe Liberal Lloyd George enjoyed wide endure by the Conservative party and duly organise a current alinement government. He right away transformed the British war effort, taking planetary house control of both military and domestic policy. A general alternative the counterbalance for 8 years was held in December 1918. This choice was often cal guide â€Å"the voucher election”. Conservative leader Bonar Law determine candidates who agreed to support them with a letter of endorsement, sign-language(a) by both, and known as a â€Å"coupon”. Coupons were issued to 159 Liberal candidates and 364 Conservatives though in some cases, they were rejected. This election are also considered the first universal elections in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, in which for the first time the majority of poorer British and Catholic Irish adults were allowed to vote for Parliament.\r\nThe decision of Lloyd George to create a coalition between the Liberal and Conservative party tough the divisions within the Liberal party and later the election the division of the Liberal party was even deepened. In 1920’s the Labour party succeeded in passing game the Liberal party and establishing itself as one of the ground’s two main political parties.\r\nBy the end of 1921 unemployment has risen beyond 2 million. thither were several reasons for the decline in industry later the First World War. Structura l weaknesses in the British economy meant a disproportionate number of jobs were in the traditional industries. A lack of pre-war technological developments and ring armor war competition damaged the economy and the new industries which emerged employed fewer people. At the same time Britain began to lose her overseas markets due to strong abroad competition. A committee on unemployment was set up in 1920 and recommended prevalent works schemes to ease unemployment, this led to the establishment of the Unemployment Grants Committee. The government wished, also, to return to the gold standard, a move which would have required cuts in public spending. In Unemployment Insurance snatch 1920 extended unemployment benefits to spinal column all workers who earned less than £250. The â€Å"Seeking lap Test” was introduced in 1921, it stated to receive wax unemployment benefit there had to be evidence the recipient role was looking for work.\r\nThe Addison Act after Dr. Chr istopher Addison, the then subgenus Pastor for Housing was passed to allow the building of new houses after the First World War, and marked the start of a long 20th century tradition of state-owned housing, which would more than later evolve into council estates.\r\nEducation Act or know as Fisher Act was enacted in the 1918, it extended educational provision, increased the powers and duties of the Board of Education, raised the school leaving age from 12 to 14 and gave all young workers right of access to twenty-four hours release education. (The raising of the leaving age was not immediately implemented, however, and had to wait until the 1921 Act). Other features of the 1918 Education Act included the provision of ancillary services (medical inspection, babys room schools, centres for pupils with special needs, etc.).\r\n'

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