Thursday, March 7, 2013

Outline and Evaluate Two Theories of Attachment

The learning theory, which is also called the behavioural theory, suggests that we form an fastening with the nonpareil who feeds us; this isnt necessarily the mother. We acquire this attachment victimization two types of conditioning: neoclassic conditioning and operant conditioning.

With classical conditioning, it is said the stimulus universe provender produces a answer of delectation from the pincer. The child will indeed associate pabulum with pleasure and ultimately, the food giver becomes a source of pleasure within itself, regardless of whether the food is supplied or not., therefore the child is able to associate pleasure with not only the stimulus, entirely the food/care giver him/herself. Operant conditioning suggests that being fed satisfies an infants hunger, ultimately making them spirit comfortable again. This is called rewarding and the infant learns that the food is a reward. The soulfulness who supplies the food is associated with the food and becomes a secondary reinforce. The infant then seeks to be with this person because they know that they will be rewarded.

However, we cannot deduce the findings of this theory to humans because the evidence is based largely on animals - humans behave completely differently to animals.

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Research by Harlow and Harlow contradicts the learning theory because in their study which consisted of putting a baby monkey in a stressful smear and then placing two wire mesh monkey models in the room, one with food, and the other with a soft blanket on it, the baby monkey chose comfort over food either time. Shaffer and Emersons study in 1964 studied 60 babies any 4 weeks in their first year and again at 18 months. The babies were clearly attached to people who were not mixed in their physical care. In 39% of the cases, the mother who was the food provider was not the babys main attachment figure, so this contradicts the learning theory.

A psychologist named Bowlby had a theory, which is also called the evolutionary theory. He...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com



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