Wednesday, March 6, 2013

History of Psycology

The word psychological science comes from 2 Greek words: creative thinker and Logos. The term ?psychological science? used early on describe the study of the spirit. It was in the 18th century when psychology gained its echt meaning: The study of behaviour. In studies today psychology is specify as the scientific and systematic study of human and wolf behaviour. The term psychology has a long history simply the psychology as an independent discipline is fairly new.

Psychology started, and had a long history, as a topic at bottom the fields of philosophy and physiology. It then became an independent field of its take through with(predicate) the work of the German Wilhelm Wundt, the founder of experimental psychology and structuralism. Wundt stressed the use of scientific methods in psychology, particularly through the use of introspection. In 1875, a room was set-aside for Wundt for demonstrations in what we now call sensation and perception. This is the same year that William pile set up a similar lab at Harvard. Wilhelm Wundt and William James are usually thought of as the fathers of psychology, as well as the founders of psychology?s first two great ?schools? Structuralism and Functionalism. Psychologist Edward B Titchner said; ?

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to study the idea and the unconscious we should break it into its structural elements, after that we can stool it into a whole and understand what it does.? (psicafe.com)
Functionalism, an early school of psychology, focuses on the acts and functions of the mind rather than its internal contents. Its most prominent American advocate is William James. William James is the author of ?The Principles of Psychology? a record book that is considered to be one of the most important texts in young psychology.

?The subject matter of psychology is consciousness and it maybe mum in terms of what it is (structure), or in terms of what it does (function).? (Benjafield, 1996, p.123)

The psychodynamic onrush focuses largely on the role of motivation and past experiences in the...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com



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