Wednesday, March 13, 2013

Categories - Linguistics

Introduction

For a linguist, language is passion and linguistics are science. When equivalence one language to another, the linguist is confronted with the fact that languages have contrastive vocabulary as well as a seemingly various grammar, but similar principles. Linguists are confronted with the fact that in that location exists a universal grammar, common to altogether human languages. This grammar is be of many universal principles. Among these principles is the structure dependency principle. This principle stipulates that all grammatical operations are based on antithetic categories. These categories are the object of this paper. Some examples as well as certain clearly marked comparisons have been taken from syntax A minimalist introduction by Andrew Radford and the exact scalawag number of the reference will always be indicated in brackets following the example. As in the book, examples that are impossible in English, or ungrammatical are indicated with the symbol /*/. This paper is the indite version of an oral presentation held in the seminar Syntax of module 6 (Bachelor English) and based on chapter two of the aforementioned book. In the following pages, each kinsfolk will be characterized, outweighed and outlined.

To adequately describe a languages grammar, grammatical categories are necessary.

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Categories are different words that have common grammatical properties. These properties may be morphological in nature. For example, inflectional evidence (different forms of one word) and derivational evidence (adding a morpheme to create a different word) depart to morphological evidence for having a category. However, this evidence is not flawless and has some exceptions, such as irregular nouns, non count nouns and compounds. For example, sheep (p.30) is the unparalleled and plural form of a noun, and therefore doesnt fit into the category noun, according to the morphological evidence. Further evidence of grammatical categories is of syntactical nature, under...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com



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