Sunday, April 7, 2013

All the main buildings in the acropolis.

Different Buildings in the Acropolis

The Erechtheum temple is from the middle classical period of Hellenic art and architecture, make on the Acropolis of Athens between 421 and 405BC.

The Erechtheum contained sanctuaries to genus Athene Polias, Poseidon, and Erechtheus. The requirements of the several shrines and the location upon a sloping site produced an odd plan.

Furthermore old pieces of art were kept in the cella like the antiquated wooden statue of Hermes, the xoanon, which was blessed by Cecrops, a folding-chair made by the father of arts Daedalus, and several trophies from the Persian wars as the drive of armour of Masistius and the sword of Mardonius, both Persian generals during the battle of Plataea.

The altars of genus Zeus Hypatos, of Poseidon and Erechtheus, of Hephaistos, of the hero Boutes, of the Thyechoos, and the very ancient xoanon of Hermes, all had to be accommodated harmoniously. at long last the room, which would have to be found for the sacred olive and the sanctuary of Pandrosos which included the altar of Zeus Herkeios. The architect succeeded by subtile and ingenious use of the differences in level to produce an awe-inspiring temple which satisfied the requirements of all these cults. He respected the traditions and at the same time introduced striking innovations.

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The resulting building may bug out complicated at first sight, but it bears the mark of true(a) genius and contains more original feature than any diametrical structure in the Greek world.

It consists of three almost independent sections (the main temple, the north extension and the porch of the caryatids) with three separate roofs, and is built at four different levels. Ionic columns of three different dimensions and proportions are used, and, following an old Ionian custom, use is also made of corai as supports for the entablature - the famous...

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