In 2004, several accounts of tread and torture of Iraqi prison houseers held in the Abu Ghraib prison became publicly kn regain following the release of photographs which declare oneselfd evidence of physical, intimate and psychological abuse committed by U.S. and British armament officers. Examples of the abuse and humiliation which took place imply videotaping naked young-be issue forthting(prenominal) and feminine detainees, ordering detainees to publicly masturbate, mint inmates into nude pyramids, placing a terce around a detainee?s neck, shoving and stepping on detainees and forcing detainees to manoeuver in simulated intimate positions. News of these obviously sadistic accounts of abuse generated shock, anger and pervert worldwide, leaving pack query what drove these war machine officers to stockpile in much(prenominal) ways. Social psychological theories may be fitted to provide an insight into the key factors which drove the U.S. and British military officers to believe part in such abusive behavior. collection passage of arms theory (Sherif et al., 1961/1988; cited in Kenrick, Neuberg and Cialdini, 2003, p. 362) which implicates out meeting biases and dehumanization, as swell as kindly potential orientation (Pratto et al., 1994, Sidanius and Pratto, 1999; cited in Kenrick et al., 2003, p. 363) may help condone the principle for the prison guards? abusive behaviour.
meeting conflict theory proposes that as groups compete with each other, change magnitude animosity amongst the competing parties leads to intergroup conflict and the institution of negative attitudes and prejudices against the opposing troupe (Sherif et al., 1961/1988; cited in Kenrick et al., 2003, p. 362). The hostility generated from group conflict may too be used by one group to apologise lively outgroup biases, negative prejudices and stereotypes (Kenrick et al., 2003, p. 363). It is known that people display an outgroup bias, whereby individuals prefer members of their own group and tap outgroups for bad behaviour (Fiske, Harris and Cuddy, 2004). If you wishing to get a rich essay, order it on our website: Ordercustompaper.com
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