Sunday, April 14, 2013

Obediance and Deindividuation

Abstract

Most, if not all humans, have roughly ethics and morals, which assist the individual make distinctions between right and wrong. Therefore, in virtually situations human beings behave in accordance with their morality. Studies on notions such as obedience to authority and deindividuation have shown that in some cases, an individual sight be made to act in direct opposition to their morals and ethics. Studies conducted by Milgram (1963) on obedience have shown that if an individual is ordered to do something by person who is perceived to be in power, it is possible that they will do it, even if it is something the person does not believe is right. Also, studies conducted by Zimbardo (1973) on deindividuation have shown that a normally healthy, intelligent person set up lose their identity in a crowd, and commit acts of abandon and aggression which they would not normally commit. According to the deindividuation theory, this is because the individual feels that they idler no longer be singled out and held personally obligated for behaviour. The studies conducted by Zimbardo (1973) and Milgram (1963) have been examined and compared in this essay.

The notions of obedience and deindividuation have been the force field of some very informative and sometimes disturbing enquiry by social psychologists.

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Obedience is defined by Moghaddam (1998) as: changes in behaviour that arise when people follow the instruction manual of persons in authority. Our tendency to comply with authority figures can be surprisingly strong (Bourne & Russo, 1998). Experiments on the subject, particularly those conducted by Milgram (1963) have shown that though obedience is, in many forms positive, it can also be extremely negative, instigating individuals to commit acts of violence or aggression, of which they would not normally partake.

        Deindividuation is defined by Moghaddam (1998) as: The passing of ones sense...

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